Ldap String Syntax

base_dn for searching groups (string). LDAP Connection String. LDAP can be mapped onto any other directory system so long as the X. rb or gitlab. If I want to update multiple users , I will keep their samid in a file and will read from there. The difference between attributes with LDAP syntax Object(OR-Binary) and Object(OR-Name) is determined by checking the value of the oMObjectClass attribute, which is a byte array. ldap strings consist of. I'm trying to get the LDAP Search Base String on our server (AD). It can be used to parse these formats in order to create the appropriate objects. The logical operators are always placed in front of the operands (i. Return Values. An attribute syntax is the LDAP equivalent of a data type. The {uid_key} string will be replaced by the value of the uid_key configuration value (by default, sAMAccountName), and the {username} string will be replaced by the username you are trying to load. Then the PHP code will use the acquired database connection string to connect to the database as before. If not provided, the default filter, (objectClass=*), is used. Enter the LDAP server address to connect to in the LDAP Server URI field using the same format as the one shown in the text field. We will be using LDIF as a textual representation of LDAP and use Bcypt to encrypt password in LDAP and use custom password encoder in spring security. In Symantec Reporter 9. 389 Directory Server is an LDAP version 3 (LDAPv3) compliant server. Use this guide as a reference to appropriately map SecureAuth IdP Profile Properties to LDAP Attributes in the directory. LDAP authentication enhances the security of Tenable. Skip to content. Data Types-- this data structure is used to hold a list of berval values TYPE berval_collection IS TABLE OF RAW(32767) INDEX BY BINARY_INTEGER;-- Holds a pointer to the BER Element used for decoding an incoming message. Then to do your scenario, if the user uses the first LDAP server (domain1) and it does not authenticate it would automatically try the second LDAP server (domain2) for authnetication. LDAP directory servers are read-optimized hierarchical data stores. edu, [email protected] The returned string is a pointer to a static area that should not be modified. There are two LDAP attributes: User attribute - You add this attribute to the LDAP directory. LDAP URLs have a handful of common uses in LDAP: They can be returned in a referral…. ADsPath) EnumOUs (oOU. Create or update roles corresponding to LDAP group DNs such that users with membership in that group receive the appropriate roles and privileges. the correct values for the variables in the example. Syntax and LDAP Filter Choices # Are boolean expressions that are used within LDAP SearchFilters and demonstrate how they can be used for LDAP Query Examples that can be used to find specific information using LDAP. For example. SQL dialect. There are common and default set of attributes already have in ldap implementation. To perform user and group based authentication and authorization, you must configure the user and group base DN. Reading Octet String Attributes. I agree implementing ldap authentication in Java using JNDI is lot tougher than spring. LDAP URLs have a handful of common uses in LDAP: They can be returned in a referral…. The following is an example of how to import all data from a sample sub-domain named Corp in the domain Contoso. LdapConnection object. LDAP is used as central repository for user information and applications will connect to this repository for user searches and authentication. vbs 'Version: 1. We will also assume that you have a configuration object defined as follow (example of the corresponding json format at the end):. You will want to set this attribute if your LDAP server puts the username in an attribute other than uid, or if you want to add additional restrictions to the search. So it is perfectly safe for example to create a table to store some LDAP data which may require a long operation to obtain, but after closing the LDAP connection, the table and its data will be lost. The fields parameter should be specified along the query string, and it takes the syntax Retrieves users for the LDAP associated with {id}, depending on access. However, the characters ( ) & | = ! > < ~ * / \ play a special role for the declaration of LDAP filters. com", null, null, AuthenticationTypes. An attribute syntax is the LDAP equivalent of a data type. *" available in the specified JProperties, trying to retrieve custom properties from the specified configuration prior to using default properties. The server determines the format of. My current string is omitting disabled accounts, public folders, groups and specific users. Base distinguished name. This is another type of Oracle connection string that doesn't rely on you to have a DSN for the connection. Client library for LDAP - Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. The log format was changed in the Solaris 8 OE and subsequent releases, and now includes a hash-value of the message generating string for example-"user %s not found. In this post we'll discuss the various security options that are available as part of the LDAP Adapter configuration. In this post, I will cover steps on how to create a new OUD proxy instance for EUS using a GUI and Active Directory as the backend. This string will be used as the default for any new sites. log* files in the server logs. Host and port. RFC 4515 LDAP: String Representation of Search Filters June 2006 The third example illustrates the use of the ":oid" notation to indicate that the matching rule identified by the OID "2. This document specifies the LDAP URL format for version 3 of LDAP and clarifies how LDAP URLs are resolved. ldapmodify -H ldap://ldaphost. The returned string is a pointer to a static area that should not be modified. "somerandomplace\fubar fubaz". If you have any new questions or concerns about this issue, please feel free to let me know. Adding LDAP Syntax to ReL Matt Schwartz, Will Hester, Daniel Floyd our program adds the attribute,value pairs to a Map make LDAP syntax work. Discussion about the use and future of python-ldap occurs in the [email protected] The filter class has two different usage models: one for constructing basic filters and another to combine them logically. To enforce an LDAP Security Manager policy, you also need to create and apply an HTTP Basic Authentication policy, which prompts the agent to enforce credentialed access using the. I have Teradata 14. By annotating the integration test with @SpringBootTest, this will automatically search for classes annotated with @SpringBootConfiguration and initialize the application using the appropriate configurations. The fields parameter should be specified along the query string, and it takes the syntax Retrieves users for the LDAP associated with {id}, depending on access. 1], with the constraint that local time without a differential SHALL NOT be used. It also contains helper methods that allow escaping of the unformatted attribute value and unescaping of the value formatted according to the escaping syntax defined in RFC2253. com -x -D "cn=jimbob,dc=example,dc=com" -f /tmp/modify. The spring. LDAP://DC=CORP,DC=CONTOSO,DC=COM. (If the DN syntax is correct, but the LDAP server's structure rules do not permit the operation, the server returns code 53: LDAP_UNWILLING_TO_PERFORM. e a sequence of UTF-8 characters, or an Octet String i. port The port to connect to. (Note there are limitations to the string lengths in the examples due to buffer and packet payload length restrictions). LDAP() constructor; get() search() Constructor Prototype. net Thank you for this bug report. init() is the first function that should be called in order to establish a session to the LDAP server. LdapConnection. In this example Apache Directory Studio has been used. the criteria). Howto: adminless LDAP authentification in Laravel View on GitHub Howto: adminless LDAP authentification in Laravel. Clicking on "No Thanks" is forcing me to write a comment. Operations Center filter and match attributes adheres to the standard LDAP syntax defined in RFC2254, The String Representation of LDAP Search Filters. I have downloaded the The ActiveX LDAP Client. To be able to perform LDAP Operations, the. 12 but ForgeRock DS tools also recognise the RelaxRules string alias. ldap_ 8859_ to_ t61; ldap_ add_ ext; ldap_ add; ldap_ bind_ ext. It can be used to rename the entry (by changing its RDN), move it to a different location in the DIT (by specifying a new parent entry), or both. Then the PHP code will use the acquired database connection string to connect to the database as before. Programs like VBScript (WSH), CSVDE and LDIFDE rely on these LDAP attributes to create or modify objects in Active Directory. Added charset conversion and sanitized output of LDAP results. The filter class has two different usage models: one for constructing basic filters and another to combine them logically. LDAP Custom Variables. spring ldap example is very clear and step by step in both way. Here is how we use it. The following examples use the LDAP server setup for our C# example above. This mechanism may be used to provide access to new LDAP extensions. That's my main goal in this newsletter: to get you comfortable with telling your AD how to find the users that you want, using LDAP's query syntax. The filter should conform to the string representation for search filters as. The LDAP API references an LDAP object by its distinguished name (DN). This can be the root containing either groups or users. For example, this script excludes accounts that are not in a Users OU. IBM LDAP login for Node. The difference between attributes with LDAP syntax Object(OR-Binary) and Object(OR-Name) is determined by checking the value of the oMObjectClass attribute, which is a byte array. The first step is to construct the “signature base string“. All Active Directory groups will be listed, because no filter restriction has been applied principal. The URI generic syntax is a superset of the syntax of all URI schemes. Examples of attribute syntaxes are Directory String, which specifies a case-insensitive character string encoded using the ISO 10646 character set, and Octet String, which specifies a sequence of octets. uid=johnwick,cn=users,cn=accounts,dc=minio,dc=io) is configured as a format string in the MINIO_IDENTITY_LDAP_USERNAME_FORMAT environment variable. Re: LDAP syntax for GetLdapUsers - contains? Contains means the string can be found at any place in the value. The filter should conform to the string representation for search filters as. LDAP://DC=CORP,DC=CONTOSO,DC=COM. properties. Hi, an update I managed to get further by checking the log at the LDAP server, I had to remove the uid parameter on gitlab. For example, a schema could define a person object class. ora (typically used for name resolution) that references the sid - but in general the sid and connect string have no relationship to one another. -Office string The location of the user's office or place of business. LDAP Connection String. In both our DeployHub Pro product and Meister, we support LDAP. Operational attribute - The LDAP server creates and maintains this. To get detailed logs of LDAP login and synchronization processes, use the "debug-ldap" logging preset. Tridion used Windows authentication, but it is modified to LDAP authentication. Search filters that test for equality (e. LDAP Authentication. Retrieving the LDAP Schema # How to find and retrieve the LDAP schema from a LDAP server. LDAP servers that support range retrieval will perform better for large queries. List of columns for querying Active Directory using LDAP. Microsoft appears to refuse to follow the standards for formatting LDAPSyntaxes , AttributeTypes , and ObjectClasses. LDAP URLs are most frequently used in referrals (as described below), and in some client APIs they may be used to specify some properties for establishing connections. Nothing specifically to do with LDIF at all. The LDAP Display Name of this property is "mobile". See the LDAP URLs page for more information about the contents and string representation of LDAP URLs. Formatting strings & Converting GUIDs to LDAP search strings Hello, While searching around on the topic of converting GUIDs to LDAP search strings, I came across a piece of sample code 1 that works wonderfully - however I have absolutely no clue how it works. NET framework has given very easy access to the network solutions like LDAP. If one than more criterion exist in one filter definition, they can be concatenated by logical AND or OR operators. By annotating the integration test with @SpringBootTest, this will automatically search for classes annotated with @SpringBootConfiguration and initialize the application using the appropriate configurations. The syntax allows entering one or more attr. SQL dialect. Typically, they’re used for storing user-related information required for user authentication and authorization. Installation and Usage. Can I use any LDAP conection object or property so that I need not create any DirectoryEntry parameter (String Path,String Username,String password) ? 2. LDAP module. The fields parameter should be specified along the query string, and it takes the syntax Retrieves users for the LDAP associated with {id}, depending on access. Stay tuned!~~ The article is live! For an example in C#, see the other post: LDAP authentication with C#. groupdn (string: "") - LDAP search base to use for group membership search. ADsPath EnumUsers (oOU. To support Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) over IPv6, changes are made to authentication, authorization and accounting (AAA) transactions in terms of authentication and authorization while communicating over an IPv6 network. Any unique string is allowed. Within an escape string, a backslash character (\) begins a C-like backslash escape sequence, in which the combination of backslash and following character(s) represents a special byte value. Here is an example of the LDAP context for Acme: cn=OracleContext,dc=acme,dc=com Note: When using RazorSQL to connect to Oracle via LDAP, if the machine has an Oracle client installed, RazorSQL will look for an ldap. The plugin sends this string and the LDAP password to the LDAP server. escape_dn_chars (s) → string¶ This function escapes characters in string s which are special in LDAP distinguished names. Integrating Smart IT with LDAP for broadcasting You can integrate Remedy with Smart IT (Smart IT) and BMC Digital Workplace with LDAP so that you can distribute broadcasts to your LDAP distribution groups. The identity used to access the LDAP server must also have any required permissions to the sub-tree of the directory being synchronized. com:389 # DEPRECATED: Bind user for LDAP server (string value) # This option is deprecated for removal since 16. We define the most interesting ones in some detail. dn module defines the following functions: ldap. Article describes “Querying Active Directory using CSharp (C#)” via LDAP Service. ActiveDirectory is largley just a perverted version of LDAP to the best of my knowledge, and uses the same BindDN syntax -- correct me if I'm wrong. In this way, you don't have to hard code the string in your code. Afterwards, we add and remove some persons from particular groups. Manual auth-config. I agree implementing ldap authentication in Java using JNDI is lot tougher than spring. [Fuzzy Search]: Search for strings that are close to the specified string. Maximum preferred page size, measured in LDAP entries. You might not have had the need to know anything about LDAP query syntax as part of working with PeopleSoft though. 389 Directory Server is an LDAP version 3 (LDAPv3) compliant server. set name {string} LDAP server entry name. Configure an LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) connection for your IBM® Cloud Private cluster. Enter the user profile flags in the LDAP User Flags by Group the text field. To use an LDAP filter previously saved to Favorites: Choose a filter by name from the drop-down list located in the Favorite Filters section. For example, you would do this with a golang TLS config by parsing the certificate chain and adding the parsed certificates to the RootCAs field in the tls. ldap connection string example,document about ldap connection string example,download an entire ldap connection string example document onto your computer. LDAP Servers and Fields. This article describes how to add a subject alternative name (SAN) to a secure Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) certificate. If no port number is specified, the LDAP provider uses the default port number. springframework. For example, Active Directory, which is used in Microsoft Windows based networks to hold the accounts of. The LDAP-specific encoding of a value of this DN Syntax is defined by the distinguishedName rule from the String Representation of Distinguished Names. The next step is to test authentication. Based on its type the module will set properties and filter properly. The logical operators are always placed in front of the operands (i. It is dependant on the netlogon locator service. warning: Changing the LDAP configuration parameters, other than Bind DN and Bind Credential, when they are configured, might invalidate the existing user data. properties or the application. The fields parameter should be specified along the query string, and it takes the syntax Retrieves users for the LDAP associated with {id}, depending on access. LDAP strings must be built using all capitalized characters. LDAP servers that support range retrieval will perform better for large queries. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP / ˈ ɛ l d æ p /) is an open, vendor-neutral, industry standard application protocol for accessing and maintaining distributed directory information services over an Internet Protocol (IP) network. Note that even with this behavior enabled, only the [email protected] portion will be used for the Envelope Sender (the friendly name. @datafire/ldap. Examples of attribute syntaxes are Directory String, which specifies a case-insensitive character string encoded using the ISO 10646 character set, and Octet String, which specifies a sequence of octets. ” would match “123”, “1234”, “12345”, “12abc”, etc. 20 of the address book. In LDAP servers, an entity is uniquely identified by a globally-unique text string called as Distinguished name. For more information about search filters, see Search Filter Syntax. Specifying the. -MobilePhone string The user's mobile phone number. You can use this subset of the LDAP search filter syntax: The AND operator represented by an ampersand (&). Default: not set. A server name can also be specified in the binding string. The "PortNumber" specifies the port to be used for the connection. For example, slapd is an LDAP server that is part of the OpenLDAP project. LDAP Support in Postfix. Any unique string is allowed. †† Values restricted to ASN. CLI Syntax config user ldap edit {name} # Configure LDAP server entries. When using masquerading of headers via an LDAP query, you now have the option to configure whether to replace the entire friendly email string with the results from the LDAP server. The namespace name is a character string which must adhere to the generic URI syntax. The Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) authentication policy establishes the configuration details for an Open LDAP or Active Directory LDAP that you set up for your enterprise. The DBMS_LDAP package is a PL/SQL API to enable programatic searches and modifications of data within LDAP directories. This section describes OracleConnection provider-specific features, including: Connection String. str2dn (s [, flags=0]) → list¶. Learn more about Teams. 1 (namely, it does not allow local/floating) time, there is an option. See the LDAP URLs page for more information about the contents and string representation of LDAP URLs. 1 Numeric strings (as specified in [ITUX680]). The LDAP display name of the attributes to retrieve. If you are using LDAP syntax, embedded string values in the query are not enclosed by quotes. Function DBMS_LDAP. 10" should be used when making comparisons, and that the attributes of an entry's distinguished name should be considered part of the entry when evaluating the match (indicated by the use of ":dn"). We can configure the LDAP server using the application. # Reason: # nova-network is deprecated, as are any related configuration options. Attribute Syntax Definitions An attribute's syntax specifies the representation of the attribute's values. Learn more about Teams. LDAP Description. What is a filter. LDAP integration in TeamCity has two levels: authentication (login) and synchronization. This option is deprecated in favor of the syntax used by ldap_user_search_base. Even if it is functional I can't find any documentation on how to actually put it into production - but I didn't spend much time pilling through the documentation. Base distinguished name. Examples of attribute syntaxes are Directory String, which specifies a case-insensitive character string encoded using the ISO 10646 character set, and Octet String, which specifies a sequence of octets. Within an escape string, a backslash character (\) begins a C-like backslash escape sequence, in which the combination of backslash and following character(s) represents a special byte value. The server or domain CA certificate must be imported into the cacerts java keystore for security="CFSSL_BASIC" to work. Organizational Unit. I recently needed to write an app to authenticate users via Active Directory. 10" should be used when making comparisons, and that the attributes of an entry's distinguished name should be considered part of the entry when evaluating the match (indicated by the use of ":dn"). Filters are a key element in defining the criteria used to identify entries in search requests, but they are also used elsewhere in LDAP for various purposes (e. In this article, we'll focus on Spring Data LDAP integration and configuration. LDAP provides access to distributed directory services that act in accordance with X. Active Directory implements LDAP, the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol. In addition to LDAP URLs, the LDAP provider also supports the non-standard but widely used LDAPS URLs. For example. For a single attribute a string value can be used, if multiple attributes need to be supplied a table should be used instead. Removed LDAP attribute and object names from configuration file. The connection string begins with the URI LDAP://. -Office string The location of the user's office or place of business. connection_string You may use this option instead of host and port to connect to the LDAP server optReferrals Specifies whether to automatically follow referrals returned by the LDAP server options LDAP server's options as defined in ConnectionOptions. LDAP is the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol [RFC4510]. If the LDAP provider doesn't get an LDAP response within the specified period, it aborts the read attempt. Authentication and authorisation operations are translated into LDAP queries configured by the user. LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a software protocol for enabling anyone to locate organizations, individuals, and other resources such as files and devices in a network, whether on the public Internet or on a corporate intranet. This is sample program that show how to authenticate with for example a Windows Active Directory. In LDAP filters. Finally, in lines 49-81, we move on to the method call case. Relative distinguished names are the same if and only if they have the same number of AttributeTypeAndValues and each attribute of the first RDN is the same as the attribute of the second RDN with the same attribute type. LDAP Injection is an attack used to exploit web based applications that construct LDAP statements based on user input. As an Internet standard, SMTP was first defined in 1982 by RFC 821, and updated in 2008 by RFC 5321 to Extended SMTP additions, which is the protocol variety in widespread use today. Unable to connect to LDAP in MVC(without using active directory) Retriving all the user's from active directory using Ldap Connection. base_dn for searching groups (string). The term directory services can translate into virtually any information services such as telephone directory. This expression represents a search for all entries with an object class of type person in which the common name begins with "jhunter". When the LDAP directory service is Active Directory, requests from users located outside the global catalog's base domain will fail to authenticate. NET framework has given very easy access to the network solutions like LDAP. The syntax for LDAP search filters is defined in RFC number 4515. Appendix A - LDAP: Data Types. byte arrays are used to represent attribute values with nonstring attribute syntaxes. Howto: adminless LDAP authentification in Laravel View on GitHub Howto: adminless LDAP authentification in Laravel. In the following application we demonstrate some methods of the PersonRepository and GroupRepository. One way of doing this is to find the first comma in the DN and retrieve the rest of the string after it, as Figure 1 shows. You may, for example, use German umlauts - if it makes sense (if the filtered attribute is an unicode string). EUS can be enabled for an OUD proxy server during installation or can be configured later if a proxy instance is already existing. LDAP namespace configuration parameters in Cognos: Main settings. Until recently, the only way to store a JSON object to an LDAP directory server, was to store it as string (either a Directory String i. Search filters that test for equality (e. Just as a database management system which is used to. Added default and site configuration support. In this example, we will use LDAP Client. To get detailed logs of LDAP login and synchronization processes, use the "debug-ldap" logging preset. With OID, a lookup can be made to the OID LDAP to acquire the database connection string. Microsoft realizes that not everyone wants to learn the LDAP query language. For example, to define BASE via the environment, set the variable LDAPBASE to the desired value. LDAP provides access to distributed directory services that act in accordance with X. Moved gettext strings to ldapquery domain. The following is an example of how to import all data from a sample sub-domain named Corp in the domain Contoso. For example, type Set MaxPoolThreads to 8. > If the ldap server is configured to expect the octet string syntax for a given attribute and the values must be explicitly encoded as octet string, what does the ldap C. ††† Values of attributes of syntax String(OID) are accepted in either the numericoid (numeric OID) or descr (the LDAP display name of the attribute or class identified by that OID) format, as defined in [RFC2252] section 4. Even if it is functional I can't find any documentation on how to actually put it into production - but I didn't spend much time pilling through the documentation. Most LDAP providers follow a model that requires a server name to be specified. This document describes the protocol elements, along with their semantics and encodings, of the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). The LDAP server must be configured to support this protocol. attribute=value) use the EQUALITY rule. vbs gasperj mypassword Dim oUser 'LDAP. LDAP URLs are most frequently used in referrals (as described below), and in some client APIs they may be used to specify some properties for establishing connections. 4, GitLab used a different syntax for configuring LDAP integration. The knowledge articles contains solutions and guides. This is an example of using cfldap to authenticate a user against an Active Directory server. If you want the Cisco Spam Quarantine to use an LDAP query for spam notifications, check the “Designate as the active query” check box. sc user account authentication. For example, say you need to use email / password for authentication. Ease of Use. LDAP() constructor; get() search() Constructor Prototype. The preceding example declares a regular Sun based LDAP DirContext that connects anonymously to a locally hosted LDAP server. Example: ou=groups: ldap. I would do the following: - to make sure the credentials are correct and the binding is not restricted to a certain ip address: install an ldap client on the server such as apache's ldap client and try to bind with those credentials. LDAP Authentication in 1. Any string that can not be successfully decoded will be left as-is; this may apply to binary values such as Active Directory’s objectSid. VERSION2 if you're using a v2 directory l. In these cases you should specify the string top. The following examples use the LDAP server setup for our C# example above. When debug mode is on, you can find all the search queries performed by the directory manager. Learn how to use the Spring LDAP APIs to authenticate and search for users, as well as to create and modify users in the directory server. Many object properties are defined by setting cmdlet parameters. GitHub Gist: instantly share code, notes, and snippets. The Distinguished Name Contains Invalid Syntax I discovered that a Network Monitor trace is your best friend for trying to solve bind problems with the System. Both LDAP and SQL queries are strings that are assigned to properties of ADO objects. Many thanks to Joe Gasper for this example, suitable for running on the command line, or inclusion in IIS server processes. Golang LDAP search and authentication. Usage Notes. LDAP supports a sub-set (a pretty chunky sub-set) of the X. For more information on using the keytool utility, see the Sun JDK documentation. For example, slapd is an LDAP server that is part of the OpenLDAP project. ldapsearch is a shell-accessible interface to the ldap_search_ext(3) library call. LDAP filters can be specified by unicode characters. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: