Ruby Value Calculator

Ruby OpenID (aka ruby-openid) through 2. In C and Java, the result is -1 instead. This tool will calculate all the possible IV of a Pokemon given its EVs, Level and species. 1; if it gets a decrease from the nature, divide the Current Stat Value by the constant 0. For 0-9, it is the same, but A = 10, B = 11, C = 12, D = 13, E = 14, and F = 15. Over time your net worth will change as your assets earn interest or are depleted and your liabilities increase or decrease. Learn how to run Ruby applications on Windows or Linux VMs, and access Ruby tutorials and documentation. The silver price per gram calculator will automatically display the Total Silver Value (in red), whenever any of its values are updated. 00 in silver quarters, enter "4". But even that can only get you so far. According to the equation E = n * h * nu (energy = number of photons times Planck's constant times the frequency), if you divide the energy by Planck's constant, you should get photons per second. The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut, and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value. ) Elapsed Time Calculator Find out how many minutes, hours, or days there will be from now until a big event, or when you'll be 2 billion seconds old, or how much time elapsed between two events in history. From India's independent mutual fund research house. Track Rupee forex rate changes, track Rupee historical changes. " Understanding how to calculate these percentages with real numbers of people and things will help you understand probabilities for the rest of your life. This serving only has 52 calories, most of which come from carbohydrates, as a grapefruit only contains 0. Then this hourly rate calculator is a must have tool for calculating your predetermined overhead rate. values of emerald While commercial grade emeralds are quite plentiful, fine and extra fine quality emeralds are very, very, rare. Chat with other Ruby Calculators. The Massachusetts Library Association created a library value calculator, where you can determine what your library saves you in a year. increment value of {{f. The System. Up to date with the latest eBay fee changes. In the modern era, ruby crystals have found value in watchmaking, medical instruments, and lasers. This is a basic example of a metric space (the Euclidean metric), and the metric is induced by a norm ($\ell^2$ norm), and that norm comes from an inner product, so this is an example in a lot of places, and I can give you references for. Click here for our Nutrition Calculator for the current menu items. When we define a value object in Ruby we should define the == or <=> methods so we can compare them based in its value. Plant Calculator. Addendum #2 — ITU/CCITT publications and “the” CRC16-CCITT. Some of them like weight are tangible; others like clarity, color or origin are not. Supreme Court Tuesday in a bid for copies of correspondence between agencies during the. Browse photos, see new properties, get open house info, and research neighborhoods on Trulia. A booking has many appointments and the. Solution: 3 2 = 9 and 4 2 = 16, so lies between 3 and 4. The index of refraction for ruby for an extraordinary ray is 1. Rarely do scrap gold lots assay at plumb figures. In C and Java, the result is -1 instead. Select the Tube Type from the scrolling list. Carat Weight - Tanzanite Prices Per Carat (Updated 2019) Currently carat weight has less value affect on tanzanite than on other gems like ruby, sapphire, emerald or diamond. 10 factors that affect the price per carat of precious and semi-precious gems and jewelry, from gem type to the 4C's, origin and in the jewelry materials. There are a number of different approaches to this problem, and I don't believe there's wide consensus on the 'best way'. Roman numerals explained. In general, Burmese rubies command the top prices. Find color and color combinations with the Benjamin Moore color tool. A Ruby program that demonstrates how to calculate PI with Ruby. The online Bitwise Calculator is used to perform bitwise AND, bitwise OR, bitwise XOR (bitwise exclusive or) operations on two integers. This Is A Custom Widget This Sliding Bar can be switched on or off in theme options, and can take any widget you throw at it or even fill it with your custom HTML Code. This is perhaps why Ruby (and Rails) has seen a large growth of developers usage in the last few years. Using the example from step 2 we start out with our p/e of 15. Tube Bias Calculator Instructions & Help. Moving Custom Ruby Code out of the Logstash Pipeline | Elastic Blog. CONVERSION CHARTS. Allergy Free Eating Nutrition Calculator. The page you're viewing now includes all the Ruby GemSelects inventory contains from all sources. COLOR: The ruby gem stone is a pink to blood-red colored variety of Corundum; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION: Al2O3 (Corundum). A pseudo-random number generator (PRNG) is a finite state machine with an initial value called the seed [4]. The calculator should be able to handle ridiculously high HS (tested up to 10 15 HS). In the cutting of tanzanite, some of the most highly skilled employees examine the rough and plan how it will be cut to maximize color or value. Ruby Receptionists puts the front desk in your pocket and we offer a variety of pricing plans to meet the unique needs of solo and small business owners!. 5 Tricks in under 5 minutes. Note how because we are assigning the value of the comprehensions to a variable in the example above, CoffeeScript is collecting the result of each iteration into an array. The value of a Rupee is often denoted by its color, but the value of each color is inconsistent throughout the series. It allows the calculation of any Pokémon's Individual Values when given the Pokémon's details. Density Calculator In order to determine your freight class and NMFC you will need to know your pounds per cubic foot or PCF. See the 2014 Fusion price range, expert review, consumer reviews, safety ratings, and listings near you. 5, so we can write Transposing: which comes out to 30, which matches the figure above. These algorithms take a security factor or iteration count as an argument. How Much Is a Ruby Worth? According to the second edition of the Standard Catalog of Gem Values, wholesale prices for faceted gem rubies range from $100 to $15,000 per carat. A cell is a location at the intersection of a particular row and column, and may contain a data value. Ruby comes with a program that will show the results of any Ruby statements you feed it. Ruby on Rails Guides (v6. We do not buy or sell precious metals. This calculator is designed to work with pokemon from Generation 3 and newer. Lower price: If a ruby is relatively cheap despite having few flaws, being big, and having an intense red color, then this is a clue that the stone might be lab-created. Step by step descriptive logic to find sum of n natural numbers. However, if the price is too low, be aware that the ruby might be fake. Naturally Colored by Peled Diamonds, registered diamond dealer and manufacturer, specializing in Natural Fancy Color Diamonds - Member of the IDI. Some of them like weight are tangible; others like clarity, color or origin are not. * Please note that DS712+, RS2211RP+, RS2211+, DS411+II, DS411+, DS2411+, and DS1511+ are not compatible with Active Backup for Business since they do not support Btrfs. Easy & secure tool to get precise value estimation by dimensions. Buying a gemstone can be a daunting task. You can’t test using a Presidum gem tester as synthetic rubies are the same material as natural rubies. It then tells you how effective those types are at tackling every known Pokémon. Easily calculate how much paint you'll need to complete your next job or project with Sherwin-Williams' Paint Calculator. Softschools. Launch your EC2 instance today. a Arty2, webmaster of Legendary Pokémon. This US Inflation Calculator uses the latest US government CPI data published on August 13 to adjust for inflation and calculate the cumulative inflation rate through July 2019. If you are familiar with queueing theory, and you want to make fast calculations then this guide can help you greatly. Easy epoch/Unix timestamp converter for computer programmers. Synthetic ruby and sapphires have been in use over 100 years. Also called red jade, the best quality Rubies are translucent with a beautiful shine. To calculate the IVs of your Pokemon, provide as much information as possible. What is SHA-256? The SHA (Secure Hash Algorithm) is one of a number of cryptographic hash functions. Create the code to calculate the compound interest. 0) These are the new guides for Rails 5. 2 gram of fat. However, this isn't the case for other more recently invented treatments, such as diffusion coloring or filling with polymer and/or lead glass. Enter your mining rig's hash rate and the CoinWarz Rubycoin calculator will use the current difficulty and exchange rate to calculate how much profit and how many cryptocurrency coins you can earn. Includes epoch explanation and conversion syntax in various programming languages. The silver price per gram calculator will automatically display the Total Silver Value (in red), whenever any of its values are updated. You'd need to walk 6 minutes to burn 22 calories. Carnival cruise deals and cruise packages to the most popular destinations. CliffsNotes study guides are written by real teachers and professors, so no matter what you're studying, CliffsNotes can ease your homework headaches and help you score high on exams. Compensation Plan are for demonstration purposes only. Ask if the ruby has been treated in any way. Ask Question Inside the it is just straight Ruby, so we take the raw string, split it on the comma, take the. The CELL-DYN Ruby System is a multi-parameter automated hematology analyzer using MAPSS technology. For this piece I estimate a value of circa $5,000-$7,000. The ASCII table has 128 characters, with values from 0 through 127. Our calculator helps you measure what r value for exterior walls you mayy be looking for, as well as for different applications. Line two will evaluate πr 2, and result will refer to that value. Stripe is a suite of payment APIs that powers commerce for online businesses of all sizes, including fraud prevention, and subscription management. Loop from two until our new square rooted limit. How Much Is a Ruby Worth? According to the second edition of the Standard Catalog of Gem Values, wholesale prices for faceted gem rubies range from $100 to $15,000 per carat. CalorieKing provides nutritional food information for calorie counters and people trying to lose weight. The Commercial Value of Stones : A partial List of Precious and Semi-Precious Stones in order of their current market value relative to each other. Easy Percentage Calculator. Silver has also historically been used as jewelry and medicinally for it's antiseptic properties, and is currently being used in almost every electronic device on the market as well. For the base experience values and effort values for Generation IV, see List of Pokémon by effort value yield (Generation IV). Home Value Explorer. Select the Tube Type from the scrolling list. This is a simple Love Calculator which displays love percentage based on names. Summary: in this tutorial, you will learn about MySQL string length functions that allow you to get the length of strings measured in bytes and in characters. Caching means to store content generated during the request-response cycle and to reuse it when responding to similar requests. Unfortunately impossible to say from a photo. To see our diamonds with this stunning 360° spin view just Click on any Diamond Image. Up to date with the latest eBay fee changes. Microsoft Access / VBA Forums on Bytes. This tool will calculate the possible range of IVs of a Pokémon given its Species, Level, Nature, and EVs (Effort Values). NPV is a core component of corporate budgeting and is a comprehensive way to calculate. That's where the science, (and art) of gem stone identification comes in. The brightest and most valuable shade of red called blood-red or pigeon blood, commands a large premium over other rubies of similar quality. ) Returns nil if no such time zone is known to the system. With the forms below, you can have a realistic estimate of the diamond price. Loose Diamond Gemstones. We also refer to a value that is assigned to a key as key/value pairs. Participate in discussions with other Treehouse members and learn. I have an array as follows: a = [1,2,5,8] I want to calculate the value of all the elements added(or multiplied) together. All strings in Ruby are objects of the String class, as you can discover by calling a string's class method: 3. It hoards gold, sleeps, and breathes fire. The brightest and most valuable shade of red called blood-red or pigeon blood, commands a large premium over other rubies of similar quality. If the argument is a string, it is interpreted to mean the name of the timezone to locate. If you have a mixed batch of scrap silver, our claim system can handle all purities under one single record. Exact Age Calculator Find your exact age precise upto months, days or even seconds! Zodiac Sign Finder Find your zodiac sign based on your date of birth. English Gematria, Hebrew Gematria and Jewish Gematria and Numerology. Gemewizard software tool for jeweler, gem dealer, diamond dealer and appraiser. The Eclipse Foundation provides our global community of individuals and organizations with a mature, scalable and commercially-friendly environment for open source software collaboration and innovation. This is a complete tutorial, discussing how to build a simple calculator app for Android. [email protected]:~/projects$ ruby time. In Matz's words "I hope to see Ruby help every programmer in the world to be productive, and to enjoy programming, and to be happy. • You can now easily track who's your richest friend from your inventory page. Here are examples of how to use the simple interest formula to find one value as long as you know the others. Color-changing sapphire. Several weeks ago I needed to do something in Ruby that involved processing a large number of CSV files. You can publish either individual data points in the Value field, or arrays of values and the number of times each value occurred during the period by using the Values and Counts fields in the MetricDatum structure. Calculate slope of a data set or trend line. If so, the cutHex() function cuts off the # so that only the hexadecimal digits are left in the input value. Keep up to date with Rails on Twitter and This Week in Rails. These applications will - due to browser restrictions - send data between your browser and our server. Calendars – online and print friendly – for any year and month. But even that can only get you so far. The Massachusetts Library Association created a library value calculator, where you can determine what your library saves you in a year. the same (calculate next value from the result of the previous operation), just in a narrower context of futures/promises. Our Appraisals archive contains thousands of Antiques Roadshow appraisal videos and other valuable information spanning nearly 20 years' worth of series episodes. Initialize another variable to store sum of numbers say sum = 0. The calculate method has two modes of working. You can publish either individual data points in the Value field, or arrays of values and the number of times each value occurred during the period by using the Values and Counts fields in the MetricDatum structure. Chat with other Ruby Calculators. Nevertheless, if a ruby is reasonably large and still affordable, it might be synthetic. Ariba Network for Suppliers More than just a supplier network, Ariba Network is a dynamic, digital marketplace that helps you efficiently manage sales cycles, improve cash flow, and grow your business. Allow up to six weeks for Qantas Points to appear in your Qantas Frequent Flyer. Input upper limit to find sum of natural numbers. Given the lack of a global standardized ruby grading system, it is important to know what to look for when purchasing ruby jewelry. I wanted to better ensure we were using data correctly to become more agile, efficient, and customer-oriented. You can’t test using a Presidum gem tester as synthetic rubies are the same material as natural rubies. Sometimes the color can provide a clue to the origin of the stone, with Burmese rubies tending to be a purplish red color, while Thai rubies can appear more brownish red. If Tanzanite One Group gets more control of the market they have plans to change the pricing structure more like that of diamonds which are more. Select 'Platinum' as the metal in the Precious Metal Calculator. Larger and smaller denominations were also available. Papatheodorou a. Click here for our Nutrition Calculator for the current menu items. Ruby on Rails Guides (v6. With SpreadsheetConverter, we could convert our spreadsheet to a web page calculator that people could use directly on our internal web. GEM Calculator. Defining instance methods. High Quality Ruby Gemstones for Sale at AfricaGems Are the most popular sizes for ruby gems to mount in ruby jewelry such as ruby rings and ruby pendants. Please note: there are minor flaws in this calculator. Calculate the cost of diamond from its color and clarity values using this Diamond price calculator. Sequel provides thread safety, connection pooling and a concise DSL for constructing SQL queries and table schemas. This calculator determines the monthly amount you need to save through SIP to achieve a certain target amount at an assumed rate of return. Using the example from step 2 we start out with our p/e of 15. For this piece I estimate a value of circa $5,000-$7,000. If you want to get the hash of a file in a form that is easier to use in automated systems, try the online md5sum tool. Larger and smaller denominations were also available. When assessing the value of your ruby, the most important factors are: Color; Color has arguably the largest impact on the value of your ruby. See calculate for examples with options. In Diamond and Pearl, your Pokemon's characteristic can also help determine which IV is the highest. This IV Calculator / Stat Calculator / Hidden Power Calculator has been written by Hercules G. What is a US dollar worth in today's money? This calculator shows inflation during the selected time frame. maximum(:age) # => 93. Instant access to millions of Study Resources, Course Notes, Test Prep, 24/7 Homework Help, Tutors, and more. Our Values are the results of massive amounts of data. Of all the color-varieties of precious corundum the red, or ruby ("oriental ruby"), is the most highly prized. If currentColor is used as the value of the color property, it instead takes its value from the inherited value of the color property. It is a small single file. maximum value is: {{f. We have over 5 million cheap used and certified pre-owned (CPO) vehicles in our database and we provide you. This changes due to fluctuations in the market and availability. From India's independent mutual fund research house. Use the birthday calculator to find out how many hours, days, months and years you've been alive for and what day you were born on. The first method is more commonly done when converting it manually: Use the decimal value for each hexadecimal digit. R max min functions, calculate the maximum and minimum number of a group of numbers using R. You can include nature and IVs to see the stats for a specific pokemon or leave them blank to see all possibilities for a pokemon at a specific level. Up to date with the latest eBay fee changes. Ask if the ruby has been treated in any way. Coins and their value relative to each other are described at the start of Equipment. And I think that those who are trying to come to grips with exactly how to implement a CRC calculation will find that beginning with a 16-bit CRC, such as CRC16-CCITT, may be more manageable than wrestling with a 32-bit CRC algorithm. Want to buy a waterjet cutter? WARDJet manufactures waterjet machines tailored to your individual needs. However, discovery of new ruby mines in Africa and Asia, has expanded the choice range for customers by giving away new varieties like Mozambique ruby, Thailand ruby and Afghanistan ruby. To value your scrap silver, use the silver calculator further down the page. Deep Red Rubies are considered the best. Turn images into impressive prints from almost any location, and from a variety of sources including computers, digital cameras, Bluetooth devices and more. Density Calculator In order to determine your freight class and NMFC you will need to know your pounds per cubic foot or PCF. Trigonometry Calculator - Right Triangles Enter all known variables (sides a, b and c; angles A and B) into the text boxes. I am using Ruby 2. Hashes, in and out. Our keto calculator uses the Mifflin-St. A Pokemon that has just been caught has all its EVs at 0. The strength of the stone's color change is the most important quality factor affecting its value, followed in importance by the actual colors of the stone. Using event rainfall-runoff data from several hundred plots this assumption is investigated, andλ values determined by two different methods. Find top quality Burmese ruby gemstones in stunning hues. Create your own Custom Price Quote for the products offered through Google Cloud Platform based on number, usage, and power of servers. With GemSelects 100% Natural Rubies you will shop from one of the most excellent selections of Ruby available. Stackify was founded in 2012 with the goal to create an easy to use set of tools for developers to improve their applications. Most real pearls we see today are cultured pearls. Use: first of all please enter the name of the vehicle in the text input box. Get detailed information on Rubycoin (RBY) including real-time price index, historical charts, market cap, exchanges, wallets, and latest news. The ASCII table has 128 characters, with values from 0 through 127. Quality Factors. How to Use the Calculator. The estimate of the diamond price is only indicative, the prices vary with the market and other factors. Over 15 years, we have assembled detailed pricing and value information for appraising over 70 different gemstones. High Quality Ruby Gemstones for Sale at AfricaGems Are the most popular sizes for ruby gems to mount in ruby jewelry such as ruby rings and ruby pendants. Visit your local Toyota dealer or our online site here to get started!. For 0-9, it is the same, but A = 10, B = 11, C = 12, D = 13, E = 14, and F = 15. See our full lineup. Bearing the name of the place that it comes from, Mozambique ruby is a discovery of the 21st century. With better brilliance comes a higher price. In Diamond and Pearl, your Pokemon's characteristic can also help determine which IV is the highest. This works exactly like the each method for an array object with one crucial difference. Gemewizard software tool for jeweler, gem dealer, diamond dealer and appraiser. Your files are not transferred to the server. Labor Department's Bureau of Labor. To calculate your own home equity, just subtract the amount you owe from the market value of the property. Thank you very much for your answer! I was in contact with a friend of mine, working at GIA (Gemological Institute of America) yesterday. Purchase gems from the jeweler, find gems randomly dropped from monsters in the wild, or collect gems from your Daily Login Bonus or buy during. View our best cruise deals, and offers. Up to date with the latest eBay fee changes. Roman numerals explained. com or any BevMo! store. It's important to remember that "no two lots are created equal. Deep Red Rubies are considered the best. If you do NOT know what your EVs are or what EVs even mean, then no IV Calculator is going to work for you. Units Calculator. If you have a mixed batch of scrap silver, our claim system can handle all purities under one single record. Some of them like weight are tangible; others like clarity, color or origin are not. Take the ruby. How Much Money Can You Get for Your Ruby? The price you can get for your ruby depends on its quality characteristics, but there is one thing you should remember: It is unlikely that you will be able to sell a ruby gemstone for an amount that is even close to its retail price, especially if you are selling to jewelry stores. The quality of a ruby is determined by its color, cut, and clarity, which, along with carat weight, affect its value. Treated Gemstones have no value for Astrological purposes and give no results. Browse photos, see new properties, get open house info, and research neighborhoods on Trulia. Thus to calculate the value of "850 Pt", for example, enter 85% as the purity; to calculate the value of "950 Pt" enter 95% as the purity. Now over 1,200 organizations in nearly 60 countries rely on Stackify’s tools to provide critical application performance and code insights so they can deploy better applications faster. Creating a Hash. String Manipulation For Programmers For a comparison of string function notation in different programming languages such as Pascal, VB. Summary Add an average method to Ruby’s Array class that returns the average value of the integers in the array. Take the ruby. The silver price per gram calculator will automatically display the Total Silver Value (in red), whenever any of its values are updated. A smaller stone of higher quality is likely to hold more value than a larger stone with poorer. A Ruby program that demonstrates how to calculate PI with Ruby. PLEASE SET YOUR LOCATION. For purposes of illustration the following table indicates the range of retail prices that could be typical for a 1 carat emerald ( prices are for comparison only, exact prices vary according to market demand). Kelley Blue Book has made it easier than ever to access the up-to-date values most relevant to industry, including Lending Value and Auction Value. Treated Gemstones have no value for Astrological purposes and give no results. Earnings from this Compensation Plan depend solely on sales and each Distributor’s skill, ability, and personal application. As with all other Gemstones. It makes the assumption that you already have Ruby installed. Price & weight calculator online tool for your precious gemstones & diamond by Gemval. Create an account or log in to Pinterest. MessageDigest) and GNU. For a hash, you create two elements—one for the hash key and one for the value. Whilst gemstones, regardless of type, can have their physical measurements taken by anyone with a decent. How to calculate UMASK in Linux? Though umask value is the same for files and folders, but calculation of File base permissions and Directory base permissions are different. The first thing I need to do is create an array that contains a number of random numbers. The a, A, and Z types gobble just one value, but pack it as a string of length count, padding with nulls or spaces as needed. For clarity, array indices containing boolean values such as TRUE and FALSE are added up as though they are 1 and 0 respectively. This tool will calculate all the possible IV of a Pokemon given its EVs, Level and species. Some of them like weight are tangible; others like clarity, color or origin are not. You'll need to know two pieces of information to work out the value of your gold: The purity / Carat (also spelt Karat) of your gold; Its weight. Our keto calculator uses the Mifflin-St. Trends of Ruby stone price for last 4 years can be accessed by clicking here. Diamond ring appraisals are the most popular method people use to find out their diamond ring's value. 5% from the weight entered and provides the value of the. Kings and emperors have made the same kind of mistakes in identifying gem stones themselves. One way is by using so-called Story Points. 3866) for assistance. Finding Net Present Value. Prior to Google Cloud Platform, bringing those ideas to fruition would have been impossible. For this piece I estimate a value of circa $5,000-$7,000. Every monster has a treasure rating (indicating how much treasure it has, although for some creatures the rating is "None"). This value may or may not be measured in money. In the outer loop, pick elements one by one and in the inner loop calculate the difference of the picked element with every other element in the array and compare the difference with the maximum difference calculated so far. Track Dollar forex rate changes, track Dollar historical changes. Do not equate size alone with value. This works exactly like the each method for an array object with one crucial difference. In a price-weighted index such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA), the price of each component item is the only consideration when determining the value of the index. * Please note that DS712+, RS2211RP+, RS2211+, DS411+II, DS411+, DS2411+, and DS1511+ are not compatible with Active Backup for Business since they do not support Btrfs. The only gemstone harder than ruby is diamond. visit toysrus. For instance, early Patek Philippe & Co. Ruby Method: Def, Arguments and Return Values These Ruby examples show the syntax of methods. The discount rate is the interest rate used when calculating the net present value (NPV) of something. Visit This Old Guide Enhance your equipment with various defensive and offensive gems. Silver and Gold Coin Calculators. Paragon Gems is a wholesaler and importer of fine rubies - offering price, service and selection. Pokémon Damage Calculator Select the generation. The 'pigeon's blood' coloured stones have strong historical background, a plethora of health benefits and is often called 'ratnaraj', or 'king of precious. Getting a well cut, high quality carat sapphire stone would cost more than other gemstones due to the fact that a quality sapphire is made to the very best value and is a very rare gemstone which makes the demand high and this increases the price. Take the ruby. The best star corundum has a crisp, distinct star against strongly saturated color. In order to get any sort of accuracy, you must provide the Pokemon, Nature, and Stats (including EVs). A list of every Pokémon with the Effort Points (EVs) they provide in each stat. The tests you define will run when the pipeline is created and will prevent it from starting if a test fails. To answer it, we have to first decide which type of worth or value we are talking about because jewelry has different values in different contexts. There are a few major factors that affect the value of a sapphire: 1. There are plenty of ways to do math on a desktop computer using a built-in calculator, but another way is to build one yourself using a simple HTML code. To find the peg ratio the p/e of 15 is then divided by the expected annual growth of the company. Pricing is based on the current 'spot price', which fluctuates during normal trading hours. The following Ruby Tuesday nutrition guide is intended to serve as a guide for health conscious individuals. However, discovery of new ruby mines in Africa and Asia, has expanded the choice range for customers by giving away new varieties like Mozambique ruby, Thailand ruby and Afghanistan ruby. Handling gems and diamonds and powerful, color communication tool, giving you access to the most updated diamond and gemstone availability and pricing information. Then we’ve used ruby send method, that when equals button is pressed, it calculate expressions for us. Your Ruby real estate search starts here. The Ruby language is very a expressive language. And you have just seen that they can also be defined on classes, e. Flash Player must be installed to use the Amway Income Calculator locally. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: