Web Api Delay Response

This only happens with iis8. Below is a server response example given by Mozilla Developer Network that consists of. Find file Copy path Fetching contributors… Cannot retrieve contributors at this time. The OMDb API is a RESTful web service to obtain movie information, all content and images on the site are contributed and maintained by our users. First you need to install log4net in your web api application. The first thing to do when using ASP. Basically this service has a queue that has items enqueued every minute. NET Web API service that uses synchronous methods, showing how long-running services with high throughput result in the production of extra threads and the associated overhead carried by all those…. Below is an example: sometime it takes about 5 minutes before the message arrived in the orchestration. Applying the Repository Pattern for the Data Access Layer - Part 2. The current version of Dynamics CRM Web API (8. Doing so helps mitigate the threat of MITM attacks by preventing the interception of. asiafriendfinder. I'd appreciate it if you can just look this over for me and let me. Net Web Api or. 5, the success callback function is also passed a "jqXHR" object (in jQuery 1. In Web API, “GetDropdownList()” method I am just sending a list of states with Id and in “GetResult” method, I am returning a string. Using chaining to create cached results in ASP. Let's try to understand this with a simple example. Name Description Additional information; mobile “mobile”的文档。 Define this parameter in the request URI. The Standard ASP. Note: Our API supports maximum 100 responses per API call. Nice, exactly what I was looking for! If your action produces HttpResponseMessage or IHttpActionResult instead, you can then use the new ResponseTypeAttribute to hint Web API about the return type. Duo Web makes it easy to add strong two-factor authentication to your web application, complete with inline self-service enrollment and Duo Prompt. With an API, while not ideal, empty response bodies are far more permissible for many invalid request types. my controller file is inherited from ApiController class and I am not able to use httpResponse object directly in my controller. When the response-based instantiation API is used in a browser, the associated URL should be used; or when the ArrayBuffer-based instantiation API is used, the browser should represent the location of the API call. Fill out each required parameter (click app id & key to pre-populate with your credentials); Send Request to see the actual JSON response. JSONRequest. Simple web-api based file upload and download with LightSwitch File DownloadMost line of business apps needs the ability to store and retrieve binary data (e. For simplicity, the client application in this tutorial is a Windows console application. An API is an application programming. View the Project on GitHub restsharp/RestSharp. NET Web API. by jovitakao @. Change Web API Controllers to Allow CORS. To render the whole web page, your browser expects a response in HTML, which contains presentational code, while Google Calendar's API call would just return the data — likely in a format like JSON. This article explains the Asynchronous Action method and how to create it in the Web API. Reasons range from poor design, to lack of documentation, to volatility, to unresolved bugs, or, in some cases, all of the above. The success callback function is passed the returned data, which will be an XML root element or a text string depending on the MIME type of the response. Or can tableau interact with API directly? I don't want create a HTML wrap around the API and host is on a web server, its is an additional step for our team. Example of using end-to-end dynamic in a C# Web API project using Dapper for data access. Anyone who works with ASP. So how should I do it?. I wanted to wait until the API response contained particular string. NET Core is an open-source, cross-platform framework for building modern, cloud-based web apps on Windows, macOS, and Linux. In this architecture data layer is class library project and service layer i. Let's imagine that our rockband data is top secret. To provide further information the response includes a statusCode and a statusMessage describing the result of a request. DotCMS Documentation on Save Content Using the REST API. us, or a host of other web services, you'll feel right at home. The DecompressionHandler is very similar to the CompressionHandler above, other than that we're decompressing the response stream. Can you please try creating a new. Wait()? [Answered] RSS. What are Slash Commands? Slash Commands allow users to invoke your app by typing a string into the message composer box. Web API is a concept and abstracts the means on how the concept is implemented. * API, you can do more with scripting, like easily access request and response elements, assert a set of pre-defined rules for testing to enable better and cleaner tests, and manage environments and variables. As of jQuery 1. This is the media type that is generated by a web browser when it submits a form using the POST method. To create a project that uses the new Web API, you can simply use Visual Studio's project template. Using JSON Schema to construct a model of your API response makes it easier to validate your API is returning the data is should. You can host Web API inside IIS or inside your own process (self-hosting). Samples in ASP. NET Forums / Advanced ASP. With WebSocket APIs. A web crawler is a script that goes out and crawls the web. logincontinue. Today Twitter went down, and somewhere in our system we were using the Twitter API to display one of our status feeds. NET Web API. Generate an API key by visiting this page while signed in. NET Web API hence I started writing on the same. In this article, I am going to discuss how to use Fiddler to test Web API services. Method-1 : HTTP POST using Web API destination (In Data Flow) This method allows you to read data from any source and generate POST data and then submit to API endpoint using SSIS Web API Destination. Technopedia API: Getting Started Overview. PI Web API instances that run 2018 SP1 can now work together with older versions behind a load balancer since they can be configured to return the same version of Web ID To download, visit the OSIsoft Customer Portal. Home; Get A Quote; Packets & Parcels. Providing a security to the Web API's is important so that we can restrict the users to access to it. The receiving system is SAP ECC system. Obtaining an Steam Web API Key. It should be at least 40 characters long and stored alongside your Web SDK application. Custom API’s. 1 , we are using Owin , Ioc and most of our methods are async. Google Cloud Platform lets you build, deploy, and scale applications, websites, and services on the same infrastructure as Google. Here we'll take a look at calling the OpenWeather API from a Web API controller in your. The API exists on top of Technopedia in BDNA's cloud infrastructure, and is easy accessible via http. NET, C#, ASP. So I keep executing the POST request until the response has the. Michael Gove was a guest on Sky News’s Sophy Ridge On Sunday (Picture: Sky/PA) The Government is planning for a no-deal Brexit in two weeks despite the Prime Minister asking for an extension to. Spring Framework 5 delivers on this vision by providing a new reactive web stack called Spring WebFlux, which is offered side by side with the traditional Spring MVC web stack. 02/03/2014; 4 minutes to read +6; In this article. What is ASP. Subscribers can use an API key to access premium features through the API. NET Web API is a framework for building HTTP services that can be accessed from various clients, such as browsers and mobile devices. REST APIs can be deployed to different stages and cloned to new versions. When this happens, check the Retry-After header, where you will see a number displayed. These examples use twurl—a command-line application that can be used to make authenticated requests to the Twitter platform. Using Angular as the client technology in the front-end and an ASP. NET Web API by "enriching" the response. NET Web APIExcerpt from the tutorial: HTTP is not just for serving up web pages. NET Web API comes into the picture. Below is an example: sometime it takes about 5 minutes before the message arrived in the orchestration. Please Read our creating first web API application article where we discussed the step by step procedure to create ASP. The parameters (you might need to expand the resource section). Handy debugging features include request logging, as well as the ability to set a response delay for requests. I'm running in a dev environment with debugging on (not sure if that matters). There are a couple of principles I like to use to keep things simple. Basically, you need to create a model corresponding to each EF model, this removes dependencies between classes and allow easy serialization. NET MVC controller. This method can be used to retrieve a list of current tenants. Today I'm going to build a simple crud API web service for blog posts. Track & Confirm API USPS Web Tools™ This is for versioning of the API's and for triggering response tags for future versions. The client has to wait until the operation has been finished. The HTTP Read-Eval-Print Loop (REPL) is: A lightweight, cross-platform command-line tool that's supported everywhere. How isInputPending works. The browser captures, queues and batches, then sends reports automatically at the most opportune time. This only happens with iis8. In the body of the action we can return a 404 if the item wasn’t found. us, or a host of other web services, you'll feel right at home. Filtering Responses. 10/07/2019; 19 minutes to read; In this article. Microsoft's ASP. The output data includes an HTTP status code, some headers, and possibly a body. It is also passed the text status of the response. There is no issue saving file on the disk. N-Tier: Data layer implementation. How to log request and response metadata in ASP. What happens when you pass an image through a guitar pedal? Graph 1 — Delay response (white) to a 300 Hz sin (orange). To simplify the user registration process and usage of our API, there are no complicated out-of-band authentication mechanisms or per-call signing libraries required, such as OAuth. This can be useful for testing loading states, like loading spinners, in the DOM before the request responds. 0 for the biometric time, attendance and access control machines, to integrate with a website or any web application. JWT Authentication Flow with Refresh Tokens in ASP. NET Web API HTTP service that will be consumed by a large number of terminal devices installed securely in different physical locations, the main requirement was to authenticate calls originating from those terminal devices to the HTTP service and not worry about the users who are using it. When this happens, check the Retry-After header, where you will see a number displayed. Basic HTTP authentication in ASP. This one is super simple, but pretty handy. Test Delay - sets a delay between each test case run (in milliseconds). NET MVC 4; however, it has its origins in WCF as WCF Web API. Web API introduces formatters that can do content negotiation via XML, JSON, etc. Convert Web API Json response to Entity Collection Unanswered Here main problem is assining values to properties and need to check field existance before assining value to property like below ?. Note: Our API supports maximum 100 responses per API call. With WebSocket APIs. The ByteRangeStreamContent class can also be used in scenarios supporting conditional If-Range requests although we don’t show this scenario in this blog. Net Core Web API - Using XUnit, TestServer and FluentAssertions. IHttpActionResult - new way of creating responses in ASP. Create WEB API request using CRMRESTBuilder. jsonp, and res. Wait()? [Answered] RSS. NET applications (including Web API) you need to use byte arrays. What can’t this handle? This is all pretty nice as long as all your (interesting) code is implemented within the bounds of the API. Recently I was working on securing ASP. Ugo Lattanzi's tech world I wrote many times about Web API, so you should know about the library and the main differences between the client part of Web API and the server side; in this post I’m going to write about the client side of this cool library. TALEO BUSINESS EDITION WEB SERVICES API REFERENCE GUIDE © Taleo Business Edition. NET Web API. For the sample, the goal was to secure a Web API using Facebook’s OAuth 2. We created Web API with MVC project in the previous section where it generated a simple controller. Web API Design - Crafting Interfaces that Developers Love 5 A key litmus test we use for Web API design is that there should be only 2 base URLs per resource. Below is an example: sometime it takes about 5 minutes before the message arrived in the orchestration. We’re at a loss for what could possibly be triggering this event. View HTTP Request and Response Header. A step-by-step tutorial on how to work with Visual Studio and. For simplicity, the client application in this tutorial is a Windows console application. Recently I had a query from a developer asking is there a way to identify response time by backend API by using Azure API management policy expression. In this article I will explain the concepts behind HMAC authentication and will show how to write an example implementation for ASP. Configure CloudKit JS. This article presents a discussion on how we can decorate Web API responses with useful information. Getting Started. 0 The Zabbix API is a web based API and is shipped as part of the web frontend. So far in this intro course we haven't discussed authentication although we enabled it when we created the demo Web Api app. My last post made the case for building async services in. Windows Azure Service Bus & Web API a Match Made in Heaven? September 5, 2013 — 7 Comments A little while ago the Windows Azure team introduced the message pump pattern to Service Bus Message Bus SDK and it got me thinking about how I could leverage this from any web enabled client. Since much of the web uses JSON and REST, we'll focus on using what's outlined for the JSON API. configure method to provide information about your app’s containers to CloudKit JS. NET WEB API's AuthotrizeAttribute. Did you try test it in other API test tolls apart from POSTMAN? Please test it other then postman and let us know the results. The app can then respond in whatever way it wants using the context provided by that payload. where is the root path used to route the API requests to the Web Server. HTTP Requests and Responses. One of the primary design goals of the Hawk scheme is to "simplify and improve HTTP authentication for services that are unwilling or unable to deploy TLS for all resources". No matter how optimized your web pages are for speed, if your server response time is slow your pages will display slow. This response can be detected and handled within the FB. NET Web API for creating REST services. Web API Controller is similar to ASP. It makes your sites, apps, and games more fun and engaging. NET Core was released, Microsoft and the. In this architecture data layer is class library project and service layer i. Today Kurt and I were attempting to debug an Web API service we had deployed to a remote machine. FIDS Response; Ratings API. IT Bookstore API (version 1. The Spotify Developer Website provides a lot of useful information about the Web API, including comprehensive user guides, tutorials, and reference manuals. Introduction. Exception Filter. jsonp, and res. Sending excel file generated using EPPlus as a response in Web API I created a web service using ASP. CONTENTS CONTENTS. We can provide the security in two different ways: Basic authentication. REST APIs can be deployed to different stages and cloned to new versions. Goodbye Web API: Your Guide to RESTful APIs with ASP. January 24, 2017 · 7 minute read Sometimes you need to access someone else's API from your web application. This is the top rated answer, and with arguably good reason. In this article, we'll look at what that can be useful for, what makes it different from familiar techniques like XMLHTTPRequest ('Ajax'), and how you can get started using it. Every click interaction in mobile browsers is hampered with a 300ms delay, but that's gone in Chrome 32 for mobile-optimized sites!. If you want to use cookie authentication middleware with a project that contains both ASP. NET Administration ASP. NET MVC 4 introduces several new project types after you initially pick that you want to develop an ASP. NET Web API for specific formatted response. Building Twilio Apps Using ASP. I am trying to do a simple excel file export with EPPlus and Web Api. SSIS Web API Destination can be used to POST data to any API end point such as JSON API (i. Now you can decorate the Web API action methods using the UseSSL attribute. Responses are provided as XML, JSON or JSON-P. Net Web Api or. Check out the ASP. 0 The Zabbix API is a web based API and is shipped as part of the web frontend. Facebook, Twitter, Salesforce). The DecompressionHandler is very similar to the CompressionHandler above, other than that we're decompressing the response stream. It was helpful in many ways. With Java, you can create a URL connection with URLConnection. NET Web API is optimized for sending and receiving arbitrary CLR object that then get serialized by the formatters in the request/response pipeline. TALEO BUSINESS EDITION WEB SERVICES API REFERENCE GUIDE © Taleo Business Edition. animate() , KeyframeEffectReadOnly() , and KeyframeEffect() all accept an object of timing properties including delay. This would be done using mobile and web-based solutions and resulting in faster customer response times and a seamless digital experience for customers, it said. Turns out that's not as easy as it should be. ̸̸̸̨̨̨̨Love ų̸̸̨. Net MVC you might feel this is not very straight forward process outside the Azure environment. NET Web API by "enriching" the response. Response message: Webservice (SOAP Adapter) <— XI <———- RFc Adapter <— ECC Function modules. In this Post We Will Explain About is Angular 6 Restful Http Post and Get Web Api Calls With Example and Demo. I am working on a Web API project and that has an Artist Web API Controller. It's hard to get the details of an exception from a Web Api response when calling Web Api from a C# program. See the complete profile on LinkedIn and discover Ben’s connections and jobs at similar companies. This text will be displayed to the end user via jQuery code in case HTTPS is not used to access the Web API. Track & Confirm API USPS Web Tools™ This is for versioning of the API's and for triggering response tags for future versions. For more information about the web Api please click here. NET Core MVC and Visual Studio¶. Oh, and one other thing I'd throw in is avoid being specific about disclosing any back-end IP or other information. Solved! Go to Solution. 0 Web API solutions. NET Web API for creating REST services. ActionFilters are a great way to add extra functionality to your Web API service. Handy debugging features include request logging, as well as the ability to set a response delay for requests. For special cases and extra formats see the Tips & Tricks section. NET Web API is a framework defined by microsoft, this makes us to build HTTP services very easily. Obtaining an Steam Web API Key. NET MVC with its controllers and routing rules. NET Core gives us out of the box. Maybe i'm wrong in the way i use the response data in html5 pages or i. Welcome to Coinbase's home for real-time and historical data on system performance. This will be absolutely fine in 99% of cases and works great if you use a web browser to check HTTP responses. NET Web API. Batching is a web API feature that allows a customer to pack several API requests and send them to the web API service in one HTTP request and receive a single HTTP response with the response to all their requests. Net Web Api project If you’re using the. Q: "You mention many times that response time is important, and there are tons of tools to measure response time, but what is an acceptable web based application's response time? What is a user's tolerance, not for a. As shown in Figure 2, select on the HTTP Response Times radio button, then Next. Hi harshav420 you shouldn't depend upon the activity chaining to get the updated variables values in web API. NET Core supports creating RESTful services, also known as web APIs, using C#. As of jQuery 1. HTTP is simple, flexible, and ubiquitous. Please suggest me a way to capture the web api response in a process variable. However, when the last item is deleted, a new one is created by the model class constructor the next time the API is called. I am working on a Web API project and that has an Artist Web API Controller. N-Tier: Data layer implementation. As with all of our Web API You can also send a delayed response to the response_url if you need more than 3. We’ve added APIs to create and update SLA policies in your Freshdesk account. However, perspectival attributes (fields that pertain to the perspective of the authenticating user) are not currently supported on this endpoint. If you're already familiar with HTTP and comfortable maintaining your own server, handling the request and response cycle of the Events API should be old hat. In this article, I am going to discuss how to implement the Refresh Token in Web API by validating the clients as well as I will also discuss how to persist the refresh token into a database. Reasons range from poor design, to lack of documentation, to volatility, to unresolved bugs, or, in some cases, all of the above. SendMessageBatch. We will see step by step how to implement RESTful Web Service to return JSON response. Web services provide a standard means of interoperating between different software applications, running on a variety of platforms and/or framework. It uses the JSON-RPC 2. How isInputPending works. The Problem. (path); // execute the request IRestResponse response = client. 5 replies Last post Dec 06, 2016 07:11 (i get the responses without delay). NET Web API When we have uncorrelated multiple I/O operations that need to be kicked off, we have quite a few ways to fire them off and which way you choose makes a great amount of difference on a. I wrote a blog post in early 2015 that showed how to access the Dynamics CRM organization data service from a Node. * API takes it a step further with more powerful and comprehensive global functions. Now, I am going to show you how to implement basic HTTP authentication for your Web API by extending ASP. NET library to generate the excel file as it is one of the most comprehensive libraries out there in reading/writing excel files. Net web api application with framework 4. Below is an example: sometime it takes about 5 minutes before the message arrived in the orchestration. Hello, Thanks for posting your question to the Visa Developer Community Forum! I'd like to help you find a solution to this question. 2) has a strange limitation when it comes to counting the number of entities matching a query: it is only accurate if the count is lower than (or equal to) the maximum number of records that can be returned in a single result page. Can you please try creating a new. Web API has been around for some years now. Net Core Web API application. In this small article we are going to create a sample service using the ASP. Mock your HTTP responses to test your REST API > PUT https: You can now simulate a delay by adding ?mocky-delay=100ms to your response (format / max: 60s). NET Core using jQuery client. Introduction. This time will be added to the time during which the virtual service waits before sending a response to a client. The Synonyms API from STANDS4 enables you to get Synonyms, Contains all of the query responses. If the response is a 502 (bad gateway), then that typically indicates that the PI Web API got an invalid response from the upstream server (AF Server in this case). Test web APIs with the HTTP REPL. The API exists on top of Technopedia in BDNA's cloud infrastructure, and is easy accessible via http. We created Web API with MVC project in the previous section where it generated a simple controller. World Socialist Web Site A Defence Department spokesperson this week still insisted it was a legitimate act of self-defence in response to “rioters. Either return a specific object instance (or void) and let the Web API pipeline convert that to an HttpResponseMessage for you, or return a raw HttpResponseMessage. There are a couple of principles I like to use to keep things simple. 10/07/2019; 19 minutes to read; In this article. This can be useful for testing loading states, like loading spinners, in the DOM before the request responds. To learn how to implement this API with ASP. Michael Gove was a guest on Sky News’s Sophy Ridge On Sunday (Picture: Sky/PA) The Government is planning for a no-deal Brexit in two weeks despite the Prime Minister asking for an extension to. Thanks in advance,. We’ve added APIs to create and update SLA policies in your Freshdesk account. I am creating a rest web api to download excel file. Use the web technologies you already know and Tropo’s powerful cloud APIs to automate communications without needing to install software, bear up-front costs, or handle long-term maintenance. Determine the resource URIs necessary for a request. There are a few odd behaviors with Web API and its handling of simple parameters to Controller methods. Why you should log API requests and responses. Therefore not just anyone should gain access. aspx") to another aspx page. Use the /v2/payments endpoint instead. The message size is not big, around 2 KB. In this tutorial, we will write an app that consumes the following web API. CAMS is the pioneer and global leader in Biometric Research and Development. The main reason you should log calls to your API is to collect the usage statistics of your API. Compressing Web API responses to reduce payload The abundance and easy availability of CPU at the expense of network bandwidth can be a good reason to use content. Hello, Thanks for posting your question to the Visa Developer Community Forum! I'd like to help you find a solution to this question. For documentation specific to the Directions API, consult the developer's guide. Your akey is a string that you generate and keep secret from Duo. Track & Confirm API USPS Web Tools™ This is for versioning of the API's and for triggering response tags for future versions. NET Web API When we have uncorrelated multiple I/O operations that need to be kicked off, we have quite a few ways to fire them off and which way you choose makes a great amount of difference on a. Web Integrations Integrate your website with our PDF tools Open your files with our web tools. Service doesn't have much logic but still it is taking sometimes 7 or sometimes 19 seconds to return a first request response at daily new morning. You should see a couple of objects: The resource name - playerdashptshotlog. Batching is a web API feature that allows a customer to pack several API requests and send them to the web API service in one HTTP request and receive a single HTTP response with the response to all their requests. This article presents a discussion on how we can decorate Web API responses with useful information. Media Type. Compressing Web API responses to reduce payload The abundance and easy availability of CPU at the expense of network bandwidth can be a good reason to use content. Include the "apikey" parameter in requests, with its value equal to your key. REST API: In Amazon API Gateway, a REST API is a group of resources and methods, or endpoints. 200ms: The Magical Number for Faster Response Times March 20th, 2014 When considering network performance, response time is a key metric that developers and ops teams monitor. Rate Limit Response Header. In our earlier blogs of Web API introduced in Dynamics CRM 2016, we have explained different requests and functions of Web API to querying and performing operations in Dynamics CRM. NET Web Api will have a 204 status code, meaning "no content. I have an MVC 4 Web API in C# hosted in IIS 7. So far in this intro course we haven't discussed authentication although we enabled it when we created the demo Web Api app. With ease of API integrations comes the difficult part of ensuring proper authentication (AUTHN) and authorization (AUTHZ). For the sample, the goal was to secure a Web API using Facebook’s OAuth 2. LdapAuth web API. The first place I would look in such an instance is at the PI Web API Admin logs, and potentially even the debug/analytic logs. To render the whole web page, your browser expects a response in HTML, which contains presentational code, while Google Calendar's API call would just return the data — likely in a format like JSON. A simple HTTP Request & Response Service. This implementation is fully Async and takes advantage of IO completion ports exposed in Begin/End methods. We created Web API with MVC project in the previous section where it generated a simple controller. NET Web API, ASP. harcoding the delay is really bad idea. 0)¶ Custom fields with multiple values are now supported in Redmine and may be found in API responses. PayPal Commerce Platform Add an end-to API Explorer Try our interactive tool and explore PayPal REST API Get paid by credit card on the web, in your app, or. Find out how to use it here. NET Web API HTTP service that will be consumed by a large number of terminal devices installed securely in different physical locations, the main requirement was to authenticate calls originating from those terminal devices to the HTTP service and not worry about the users who are using it. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: